What is Web Hosting?
Web hosting is a service that facilitates access to your website by anyone who wishes to visit it. Once you have made a website, and are ready for other people to interact with it then you need to publish (upload) it onto a web hosting.
Individuals and organizations can post websites or web pages onto the internet by using the services provided by a web hosting company. The web host, also known as a web hosting service provider, has the technologies and services needed to get a website or web page onto the internet where it can be viewed by anyone. The websites are hosted, which means stored, on specialist computers known as servers.
There are two basic hosting models.
- Free Web Hosting
- Web Hosting (purchase)
When an internet users wants to view your website they can do so by typing your website address into their internet browser (Chrome, Firefox, internet explorer, safari, etc). A website address will look something like (www.websitename.com). Their computer will then connect to the server where you website or web page is hosted and your web pages will be displayed in their browser.
It is usually a requirement that you own your own domain name before you can use a web hosting service. If you do not own your own domain name then you can usually either get a free one through the web hosting service or the web host will direct you to where you can buy domain name.
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What is a Domain Name?
A domain name is a unique string of text which is used to identify your website on the internet. Domain names are formed according to the rules and procedures of the DNS (Domain Name System), any name registered in the DNS is a domain name. No two websites can have the same domain name, once you have registered a domain it becomes unavailable to other users until such time as you choose to no longer renew your registration.
Domain names identify one, or in some cases, many IP addresses. For example a large organization like “Facebook” has about a dozen IP address that are all represented by the domain facebook.com. Domain names are the identifying part of a website URL (Uniform Resource Locator) and the part that users will use to find you. For example the domain domainname.com can be seen in the URL http://www.domainname.com/
Every domain name has a suffix which identifies which top level domain (TLD) it belongs to.
For example such as: com, org, net, int, edu, gov and mil.
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